Our team of specialists and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire Web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.
What is a Podiatrist?
When To Call a Doctor
Basic Foot Care Guidelines
Peroneal Tendon Dislocation/Dysfunction
Xanthomas of the Achilles Tendon
General Information and Tips
Pain Management for Specific Conditions
Nerve Surgery (Neuroma)
Fitness and Your Feet
General Information About Fitness and Your Feet
Exercise Those Toes!
Fitness And Your Feet
Walking and Your Feet
Anatomy of a Shoe
Athletic Shoe Guidelines
Corrective and Prescription Shoes
What To Look For
Getting a Proper Fit
Adult-acquired flatfoot or posterior tibial tendon dysfunction usually leads to a gradual loss of the arch. The posterior tibial muscle is a deep muscle in the back of the calf and has a long tendon that extends from above the ankle and attaches into several sites around the arch of the foot. The muscle acts like a stirrup on the inside of the foot to help support the arch. The posterior tibial muscle stabilizes the arch and creates a rigid platform for walking and running. If the posterior tibial tendon becomes damaged or tears, the arch loses its stability and as a result, collapses, causing a flatfoot.
Surgery is often performed to give the patient a more functional and stable foot. Several procedures may be required to correct a flatfoot deformity, depending on the severity of the problem. These may include:
- Tenosynovectomyâ€”a procedure to clean away (debridement) and remove any of the inflamed tissue around the tendon.
- Osteotomyâ€”removal of a portion of the heel bone (calcaneus) to move the foot structure back into alignment.
- Tendon Transferâ€”in which replacement fibers from another tendon are inserted to help repair damage.
- Lateral Column Lengtheningâ€”A procedure that implants a small piece of bone, usually removed from the hip, outside of the heel bone to create the proper bone alignment and rebuild the arch.
- Arthrodesisâ€”Fusing of one or more bones together to eliminate any joint movement, which stabilizes the foot and prevents any further deterioration or damage.